Carsharing allows people to rent cars on a short-term (hourly or daily), as-needed basis, paying only for the time they use the car and the mileage they drive. The operators of the carsharing program provide vehicle maintenance, repair, and insurance.
The term “shared-use vehicle” is a broader concept that encompasses both carsharing and station car programs. Station car programs are designed to facilitate transit access in the cases where the final destination of a person who uses public transportation is located too far away from the endpoint of the transit route; people can drive station cars to complete the final leg of their trip.
Shared-use vehicles allow individuals to gain the benefits of using a private car without the costs and responsibilities of owning a car. Members of a shared-use vehicle or carsharing program pick-up and return vehicles at shared use lots that are scattered throughout a particular region or concentrated at a transit station, activity or employment center. Typically, a member makes a reservation in advance, lets him or herself into the vehicle with a personal card or key, and drives away. When the person is done using the car, she returns the car to its home parking space, locks it, and leaves it for the next carsharer.
The benefits of carsharing can include:
· More careful consideration of the necessity, duration, and distance of automobile trips,
resulting in decreased vehicle use and ownership.
· Greater consideration given to alternative modes, resulting in increased transit ridership, biking,
· Cost savings to individuals and employers.
· Energy savings and air quality benefits.
· Reduced parking demand at participating transit stations, member employer sites, and
Due to its many potential benefits, carsharing is gaining in popularity, as demonstrated by increasing North American membership.
· As of January 2014, 24 U.S. carsharing programs claimed 1,228,573 members sharing 17,179
· As of January 2014, 224,523 members shared 4,174 vehicles among 19 carsharing organizations in
· As of January 2014, one Mexican carsharing program claimed 5,634 members sharing 50
· As of January 2014, 3,326 members shared 56 vehicles among one carsharing program in
· As of October 2012, carsharing was operating in 27 countries and five continents, accounting
for an estimated 1,788,000 members sharing approximately 43,550 vehicles.
· As of October 2012, carsharing was planned in seven additional countries worldwide.
TSRC is an internationally recognized leader in shared-use vehicle research, particularly in testing and evaluating innovative shared-use vehicle services and in tracking trends.
TSRC tracks and analyzes international carsharing and station car trends. These trends include factors that contribute to the success of shared-use vehicle organizations, societal and environmental impacts, and key issues critical to this emerging industry, such as insurance, low-emission vehicles, and electronic and wireless technologies. The California Department of Transportation and DaimlerChrysler have sponsored much of this research.
By keeping a pulse on the international shared-use vehicle community, TSRC seeks to provide valuable information to service providers, policymakers and other stakeholders (i.e., transit providers, community groups, automobile manufactures, electronic and cellular industries, and insurance companies).
United States Carsharing Operations
Buffalo CarShare: Buffalo, NY
Car to Go: Aspen, CO
CarShare Vermont: Burlington, VT
CityCarshare: San Francisco Bay Area, CA
Community Car: Madison: WI
CuseCar: Syracuse, NY
Dancing Rabbit Vehicle Cooperative: Rutledge, MO
e-GO CarShare: Boulder, CO
FunRide: San Luis Obispo, CA
Hertz on Demand
HourCar: Minneapolis, MN
I-Go Car Sharing: Chicago, IL
Ithaca Carshare: Ithaca, NY
Mint: Cars On-demand: NYC, NY
Missoula Urban Demonstration Project Truck Share Program: Missoula, MT
Occasional Car Club: Denver, CO
PhillyCarShare: Philadelphia, PA
Smart Commuter Options of Today (SCOOT): Kitsap, WA
UHaulCarShare: CA; MA; ME; OR; PA; UT; VA
Zero Emission Vehicle Network Enabled Transport (ZEV-NET), University of California, Irvine: (Research) Irvine, CA
Zipcar: AZ; CA; CT; District of Columbia; FL; GA; IL; ME; MD; MA;MI; NH; NJ; NM; NY; NC; OR, PA; RI; N; VT; VA; WA; WI
Canadian Carsharing Operations
AutoShare: Toronto, ON
Calgary Carshare: Calgary, AB
Carshare HFX: Halifax, Nova Scotia
CommunAuto: Quebec, Montreal, Sherbrooke, Gatineau
GO2 Carshare Cooperative
Grand River Carshare & Hamilton Carshare: Kitchener, ON
Green Earth Coop: Kingston, ON
Guelph Community Car Co-op: Guelph, ON
Hertz on Demand
Kootenay Carshare: Nelson, ON
Nanaimo Carshare Cooperative
Options for Cars
Peg City Car Co-op
Regina Car Share Co-operative
Victoria Car Share Co-op: Victoria, BC
VRTUCAR: Ottawa, ON; Kingston, ON
Zipcar: Toronto, ON
European Carsharing Operations
Cambio: Aachen, Bielefeld, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Koln, and Saarbruken, Germany
Green Wheels: Germany
Mobility Carsharing: Switzerland
National Carshare: Britain
Teil Carsharing: Germany
Car Sharing Canada
Car Plus: The Car Club Network